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The 1818 rebellion as well as other uprisings were brutally suppressed by the new British rulers using genocidal measures.
The Kandyans were dispossessed of their land which was rapidly converted to coffee plantations, and subsequently to tea.
With the rise of British power in the 18 to 19th century, the Dutch were replaced by the British as the colonial masters of the Dutch possessions, and finally the whole of Ceylon in 1815.
The fall of the King of Kandy was due to intrigues among the ministers against a king who had become a harsh and suspicious ruler, as well as due to the actions of British envoys like O'Doyle who fanned the intrigues.
The Jaffna Peninsula was finally recaptured in 1921 from Sinhalese rule by the Portuguese General Constantino de Sa de Noronha.
Although Denmark had signed a treaty with the King of Kandy for building a fort in Batticaloa, the Dutch overcame them.The Portuguese had captured most of the Western maritime provinces as well as areas near Gokanna, i.e., Trincomalee (named Triquillemele in De Queyroz) and Madakalapuwa, i.e., Batticaloa (Battacilow in William Broedelet's 1692 map).The Portuguese Captain Major Philippe de Oliveira had captured the Northern peninsula (Jaffnapatuna) and its ruler Sankilli-II ( Cankili Kumaran) in 1619 CE.The name Taprobana is attributed to Megasthenes in the 4th century BCE.Ptolemy's map used the name Taprobane, establishing that in the 1st-2nd century CE the country was known to the West as Taprobane.The Romans used names like Salendiv (Cerendiv) closely related to the Greek name Salaka.