In September 1881, Austin public schools held their first classes.
The same year, Tillotson Collegiate and Normal Institute (now part of Huston-Tillotson University) opened its doors.
In 1840, a series of conflicts between the Texas Rangers and the Comanches, known as the Council House Fight and the Battle of Plum Creek, finally pushed the Comanches westward, mostly ending conflicts in Central Texas. But Lamar's political enemy, Sam Houston, used two Mexican army incursions to San Antonio as an excuse to move the government.
In 1839, the site was chosen to replace Houston as the capital of the Republic of Texas and was incorporated under the name Waterloo.
Shortly afterward, the name was changed to Austin in honor of Stephen F.
Austin is known as a "clean-air city" for its stringent no-smoking ordinances that apply to all public places and buildings, including restaurants and bars.
Austin, Travis County and Williamson County have been the site of human habitation since at least 9200 BC.
It is the fastest growing large city in the United States, within greater Texas Hill Country, the city is home to numerous lakes, rivers, and waterways including Lady Bird Lake, Barton Springs, Mc Kinney Falls, the Colorado River, Lake Travis, and Lake Walter E. It is the cultural and economic center of the metropolitan statistical area, which had an estimated population of 2,056,405 as of July 1, 2016.
In the 1830s, pioneers began to settle the area in central Austin along the Colorado River.
Cotton was one of the few crops produced locally for export and a cotton gin engine was located downtown near the trains for "ginning" cotton of its seeds and turning the product into bales for shipment.
In addition, the areas east of Austin took over cattle and cotton production from Austin, especially in towns like Hutto and Taylor that sit over the blackland prairie, with its deep, rich soils for producing cotton and hay.
The documents stayed, but the capital would temporarily move from Austin to Houston to Washington-on-the-Brazos.